Green tea. The benefits and harms.
Replaced black tea and coffee come green tea. Without additives in the form of herbs and dried fruit, this tea is not as fragrant as its counterparts, but useful properties he has more. How to extract from green tea the benefits and minimize harm? To this question we would like to answer in this article.
Features of green tea used for hundreds of years, but only in the last decades of scientifically proven efficacy of green tea against various diseases. It is important to use not only high-grade tea, but also to storage and brewing.
The right side of the tea should be special utensils…
What is green tea?
Green tea is the result of the processing of tea leaves by steam at a temperature of 170-180 degrees, then the possible fermentation for up to 2 days, which is completed forcibly by heating. Dry green tea varies from light green to dark green. The tea itself turns light yellow, orange or greenish color with a hint of herbal and slightly tart taste. If the tea is bitter taste of poor quality, pereslavskiy or brewed incorrectly.
It is safer to drink leaf tea of the highest quality. This is because green tea bags is a waste of tea business, in fact the tea dust. Even if green tea bags to properly brew in boiling water, it will not bring tangible benefits to the health.
In Asia prefer “brick” green tea made from old leaves, branches and cutting parts. “Bricks” contain at least 75% of green leaves, making this tea stands out for its tart taste and can be kept long.
Composition and useful properties of green tea
Green tea contains:
— vitamin C;
— vitamin K;
— minerals (fluoride, copper, iodine, manganese, chromium, zinc and selenium);
— flavonoids (vitamin P);
— natural antioxidants (polyphenols);
— tannin (vitamin B1);
— Riboflavin (vitamin B2);
— Pantothenic acid (vitamin B15);
— nicotinic acid (vitamin PP).
Vitamin C boosts immunity and helps to fight viruses and to avoid the disease. Tannin has a beneficial effect on the digestive process, helps maintain the nervous system and has antimicrobial effect. Vitamin B2 acts on skin elasticity, and B15 helps to penetrate into the body with useful substances. Anti-allergic effect has vitamin PP. But emphasize the vitamin P, influencing the strengthening of blood vessels.
Iodine affects the endocrine system, and the fluoride will help to fight tooth decay in combination with other treatments. Vitamin K affects blood clotting, contributing to the formation of prothrombin in the blood. Natural antioxidants from green tea effectively eliminate radicals from the body that is used for various diets and diseases. This can be useful green tea. How to brew it, and under what conditions it benefits discussed later in this article.
The benefits of green tea
Green tea can be used to prevent various problems and diseases. The benefits of green tea brings:
the cerebral vessels;
hypotensive, regulating blood pressure;
pregnant women with toxemia, lactation;
metabolic processes in the body, cleansing it of toxins;
the digestive system;
the immune system;
teeth, bleaching them;
if you have diabetes;
with excessive weight;
alcoholics, reducing the effect of a hangover — although the representatives of the animal world to do some good can only get rid of bad habits;
breast and prostate gland (anti-cancer properties);
the body, lifting your mood and relieving stress.
In General, it should be noted that among the varieties of tea for its beneficial properties green is second only to the white tea. which saves more medicinal substances in the composition due to the minimal processing and fermentation.
The effective impact of green tea on the body, it should be regularly consumed, on average 2 cups a day. But not more than 4 cups of green tea per day. Pregnant women should alternate the use of green tea with other healthy drinks – compote, fruit drinks.
How to brew green tea?
In order not to destroy the beneficial properties of green tea, it is important to know how to brew it. For this it is necessary to monitor the quality of all components involved in the brewing process:
Water – filtered or bottled non-carbonated, brought to the boil at 100 degrees. But to make green better slightly cooled boiling water 80-85 degrees. Kettle brewing – used ceramic (porcelain) dishes with thick walls, longer holds the desired temperature. Must be with cover on top and on the nose. Before using boiling water flavored with inside and outside to warm up and then put green tea. The tea leaves are high quality, reliable supplier and are in the correct storage conditions. Passed in the kettle only with a dry and clean spoon. Before welding, the sheets are rinsed with boiling water in the teapot, and then pour boiling water. The brewing time depends on the varieties of green tea leaves. Loose leaf tea is brewed for longer than Ceylon. Average brewing time is 10-15 minutes, if you are planning a tea party for a large number of people and dilution of tea in glasses. If only brewed for a family or couple and is infused with no more than 5 minutes, and the glasses are not diluted. Proportions – 1 teaspoon green tea leaves to 1 Cup, with a volume of approximately 200 ml. When the tea party to a large number of people, added 1 tablespoon on top of the proper norm. Additional components – lemon, sugar, milk. Particularly popular add milk to green tea during pregnancy and lactation, this tea regulates the pressure of the pregnant woman, cleans her body and supplies part of the necessary nutrients. Warm the liquid itself stimulates milk production, and the combination of milk tea provides an increase lactation.
Damage green tea
Green tea can bring no benefit and harm in cases of violation of rules of storage or brewing method. Therefore, when buying, pay attention to the leaves, they should be a light shade. If they are broken, unattractive and dull color, this indicates long storage periods. This tea cannot be used.
When brewing the main mistake may be getting UN-boiled water into the tea infusion. It will ruin the tea and can cause stomach problems. Can’t drink strong tea on an empty stomach, in acute diseases, the tone and the threat of miscarriage. You should follow the boundaries of time brewing tea, too strong tea may cause insomnia or nervous tension.
You can not drink green tea drugs, as it does not contribute to their absorption. Do not use stale tea leaves or the remains of yesterday’s morning tea. Regulations must be observed storage – in wooden box or in a glass jar with a tightly fitting lid. This could be a green tea, the benefits and harms which are considered in this article.
Still not worth it to abuse the beneficial properties of green tea, drink it a few hours before the meal and not on an empty stomach in the morning. Regular use of properly brewed green tea, both men and women, will benefit. It is highly recommended not to overdo the dosage and limited to 1 Cup a day of green tea during pregnancy or serious chronic illnesses.